This is a short guide about how to survive a shark attack.
There are roughly 80 reports of unprovoked shark attacks every year. However, the real number of shark attacks could be higher, as many regions do not have any systems in place to report them. We also can’t be certain about how many unsolved disappearances occur at sea because of sharks.
It is important to note that only 20/150 species of shark are known to attack humans. This is because the vast majority of shark species do not perceive humans as food.
Avoiding shark attacks.
To avoid attracting sharks in the first place, you should make sure that there is no blood or urine in the water that you are swimming in.
If you cut your foot while swimming, you should leave the water as soon as possible. You should also resist the temptation of having a sneaky underwater pee.
Always remember: Sharks can smell blood and urine for a distance of several miles. This means that you should also avoid areas with fishing boats, as discarded fish fluids (blood, guts, etc) will attract them to the area.
Surviving the attack.
Unfortunately, if a shark becomes interested in you, it will be extremely tough to escape. Let’s face it: In water, a shark is much faster and stronger than a human being.
If you are unfortunate enough to come face to face with one, then you will need to try and resist the urge to panic. Do not splash about or try to swim away, as this will only make you look like prey.
If you are not close enough to the shore, trying to swim away may prove to be futile, as this predator can swim up to 20mph, which is 14mph faster than Michael Phelps’ maximum recorded speed.
If you panic and splash about, you will excite the shark and invite it to “explore you”. Unfortunately, if it decides to “explore you”, it will attempt do so with its mouth.
You should try to face it at all times, as sharks are ambush predators that prefer to attack from behind. By slowly following the shark as it circles you, you can make it less comfortable.
When faced with such a predator, you should move slowly and maintain eye contact at all times. If you are with another swimmer, you should get into a defensive position by swimming back-to-back.
If you do get caught, you will need to attack the eyes or the gills, as these are the most sensitive areas on a shark. Throwing haymakers at its chin will probably result in failure.
If you have a camera or a snorkel tube, you should use these as weapons. A snorkel tube can be used to poke the shark and maintain some distance. If there are any nearby rocks, grab one!
If you do successfully repel a shark attack, do not assume that it is over. Remain calm and avoid splashing about, as it may return for round two.
Unfortunately, it is extremely unlikely that you will win in a fight against such a killing machine. The odds will be stacked against you, so avoiding such a fight in the first place is obviously the preferred strategy.